Below are descriptions and a guide to numerous fruit trees that will do well in the lower elevation of the desert southwest. Most are available at Guzman’s Garden Centers located in Las Cruces, NM. Fruit Trees for Desert Southwest.
Fruit trees need so many chilling hours in order to produce fruit. Call and ask your friendly nursery what kind of fruit trees do well in your area. Make sure the fruit trees that you want are good for your gardening zone. Click your area to find your hardiness zone area.
The best time to plant fruit trees is February, March, and April but can be planted in summer as well. Just be sure provide ample water. Use a dormant oil to control scale insects for the overwintering of aphids, and spider mites. Do this in the early spring.
How long does a fruit tree live?
Did you know the life expectancy of fruit trees is about 20 years? With proper care it can live up to 30 years.
You can spray with a fruit tree Spray Concentrate insecticide to ward off insects during the hot summer months. Check your local nursery for further information. They usually have good knowledgeable employees.
Fruit Trees for Desert Southwest
APPLES Garden Delicious – Sweeet, crisp, excellent dessert quality apple fruit. Self Fertile, ripens in September. Fuji – Started in Japan. This fruit is reddish green flesh white, very crunchy an juicy. Medium size apple. Pollinate with Red or Golden Delicious. Ripens in August.
Bright Green apple. Good for pies and sauces and fresh eating. Self Fertile. Produces heavy fruit. Does very well in the southwest. Needs about 400-500 chilling hours.
It will grow about 20ft. tall. A great fruit tree for a medium to larger sized backyard.
Jonathan – Malus domestica ‘Jonathan’. Usually large size apple. Bright Red stripes with a Yellow background. Very juicy, crisp, and white flesh. Very good all purpose apple. Self-fertile. Ripens in October.
Red Delicious – Malus x domestica ‘Red Delicious’.
Very Crisp and juicy. Does well in colder climates. Pollinate with Golden Delicious. Ripens in September. Harvest in late fall. Needs about 900 chilling hrs.
Yellow Delicioius – Malus domestica (‘Yellow) – All purpose apple. Very large golden yellow and juicy fruit.
Good pollinator for Red Delicious. Self-fertile. Ripens in September. Click here for more apple tree information and photos. PEACH TREES – LAS CRUCES
Babcock – (freestone) Semi-Dwarf, Juicy and sweet white flesh and some little fuzz. Heavy bearing fruit. Self Fertile. Ripens in July.
Elberta – Semi Dwarf, Large fruit is deep golden yellow blushed red. Self Fertile. Ripens in July. Red Haven – (freestone) Medium to large red blushed fruit. Sweet and juicy. Good for canned use. Self Fertile. Ripens in Mid-August. Click here for more PEACH tree information and photos.
Santa Rosa Plum – Excellent southwestern fruit tree. Large oval purplish skin fruit. Tart flavor. Self Fertile. Ripens in June to July.
Satsuma Plum – Medium round fruit. Dard Red skin, juicy and dark flesh. Use Santa Rosa as a pollinator. Ripens in early August. We also carry the following fruit trees during the spring months.
Fruit Trees for Southwest Desert
Your region’s climate determines the type of fruit trees for southwest desert and fruit that will grow successfully. The climate must be compatible with the growing requirements of the selected fruit tree. Some varieties will even prevail in the harsher Upper Midwest climates.
Most fruit trees in the southwest require at least 130 chill hrs. If you are unsure as to how many chilling hrs days your climate has, please contact your local county extension office. Or visit this page for further information. Chilling Requirements.