Roses for the southwest. How do you care for them? It is a bit tricky especially in the Southwest where temperatures can get as high as 115 or more during the mid-summer seasons. But the good news it is not as hard as some people may believe.
Below are some great tips to great looking roses no matter where you live.
- They like lots of water especially when first planted.
- They need at least 6 hours of sun each day.
- They prefer rich loamy soil.
- Roses should NOT stand in water, even during dormant winter months.
Where to Plant Roses?
In the Southwest they can be planted alone or with other companion perennials. You can plant in containers and move them around. Be sure to give them enough room to fill out. Normally around 3-4ft. between plants. Remember to plant roses where falling snow, ice, or any other debris will not damage Your Roses.
In cooler climates they can tolerate full sun but the full blazing sun in the southwest can scorch the foliage. So, I recommend planting them in morning sun and late afternoon shade if possible. They will still do well in hot sun providing extra water during the mid-summer months.
The Best time to prune growing roses are from December through early February. Only prune if there is a real need to do so. Pruning just for the sake of pruning is not a good idea. You do have to prune off dead branches or expired blooms. Deep watering is better than shallow water.
Use a good “Mulch” to retain water. Compost, bark, straw or other similar materials helps to discourage weeds! Typically roses should be fertilized once in early spring, summer and early fall. If you want them to look and bloom more often fertilize at least once per month. DO not fertilize during colder climates or the winter season.
Roses are susceptible to aphids, thrips, powdery mildew and other diseases….Read more about rose problems here
beautiful roses. Caring for Roses.
Only prune and trim if there is need too. Prune old dying dark brown branches and limbs. Prune off all expired blooms. And remove if needed prune down to the third or fourth limb.
I recommend using Corona pruner for pruning almost anything – This gardening tool has a forged steel alloy blades hold a sharp cutting edge and are heat-treated for superior hardness and strength. This is what all our employees at Color Your World Nurseries use. Easy long-lasting pruners. Next time you’re in one of our stores make to ask for one. The Corona Clipper 3/4-Inch Forged Bypass pruner is ideal for rose pruning.
Growing beautiful roses
Water every day for about 3 weeks when first planted. Cut down to about 20-30 minutes every other day on a good drip system after that. Water first before applying fertilizer and be sure to follow the instructions on the product label. Use a well balanced rose fertilizer inside the dripline in a circle a foot or two from the base. It is always best to use a good rose food fertilizer.
We recommend Miracle-Gro, Rose Food, this plant Food Will Last Up To 3 Months. For blooms try BR61 early in the season. Want to go organic? Use FoxFarms all-purpose organic and natural fertilizers.
Many of our roses come in 3 ga. peat pot containers, which are bio-degradable and can be planted in the ground with the pot.
Fertilize when rose plant leafs out.
You should not fertilize during winter. You will waste your fertilizer as these nutrients will only seep through the ground. However you can apply root stimulator or a root vitamin for new root growth. This holds true for most plants that go dormant during the winter.
Fertilize again after first bloom. In the southwest things go dormant rather late…so the latest date is around early November. As stated before do not fertilize in December, January, and February. Foliage will start to grow around mid-late March.
Types of Roses
Hybrid Tea and Grandiflora rose -They are large elegant blooms on long straight stems ideal for cutting.
Floribunda -A busy rose with clustered bloom habit.
English Rose -These roses have full double blooms of old roses with repeated flowering-ideal for landscaping.
Climbing Rose -The climbing rose is named for the climbing habit, they grow best along trellises or arbors.
Hedge Rose – Used for low maintenance fencing along property lines.
Shrub Rose – They are known for there trouble free and easy to grow maintenance.
Miniature Roses – Blooms structure and habit of hybrid teas, minatures roses are grown in containers of used for landscaping in smaller areas.
Tree Rose – Excellent for the patio or around large statuary and pond areas.
Due to the seasonal nature of our roses and the limited quantities on many varieties.
Not all roses are available at various times. If the rose plant you are looking for is not available, Guzman’s Greenhouse may be able to recommend a substitute plant appropriate for your garden or landscape conditions.