You’d be surprised at the type of trees that will thrive in the desert southwest. These trees will do well in the lower elevations of the southwest. Most require little to moderate watering once they become established.Just click on the American Southwestern Tree photo for a larger image.
Las Cruces Trees – Pictures of trees taken in and around the southern part of New Mexico. Need to know your USDA plant hardiness zone? Click Here
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Southwest Trees for landscaping
The Afghan Pine
Scientific Name: Pinus eldarica
Full Sun: Full or partial shade – USDA Zone: 6 – 10
Afghan pine/Desert pine is a fast growing evergreen tree and can used as border landscaping. Can grow up to 80ft. tall and 30ft. wide. Low water once established. Also called Mondell pine.
Desert Willow Scientific Name: Chilopsis linearis
Sun: Full Sun – USDA Zone 7 – 9
Desert willow grows to about 25ft tall. If you are looking to attract hummingbirds then this is the tree to get. Beautiful light purple blooms very hardy shrub or tree. Very drought tolerant once established. More Desert Willow Information
Full Sun – USDA – Zone: 7 – 10
Mesquite has green foliage and deciduous. Large sweet edible pods on branches. Very drought tolerant tree. Grows about 15-20ft tall and wide. Has large thorns can be easily trained as a tree.
Very drought tolerant tree. Grows about 40ft tall and wide. Darker Bark.
Chilean Mesquite for more information.
Mimosa or Silk Tree Scientific
Name: Albizia julibrissin
Full Sun – USDA – Zones: 6b thru 9
The Mimosa can withstand droughts beautiful pink spike blooms at top. Can grow up to 30ft. tall and sometimes wider. Excellent canopy shade tree.
Vitex Scientific Name: Agnus-castusFull Sun – USDA Zones 6-10 The vitex tree or shrub. Also called the Chaste tree. Can grow to about 15-20ft. tall and wide. Very low water once established. Beautiful spiky dark blue blooms late spring early summer.
Scientific Name: Quercus virginiana
Sun: Full Sun – USDA Zones: 7-10
Southern Live Oak – Can grow up to 80-100ft. Live oak is a long-lived, massive, evergreen shade tree. It has horizontal branches to form a broad rounded canopy. This tree loves full sun and is a moderate grower. Moderate water once established. Live oak tree information here
Scientific Name: Morus alba pendule
Can take Full USDA Zone 4-9
This weeping mulberry can grow up to 15-20ft tall not as wide. Tree forms a beautiful shade canopy. It’s a great ornamental tree for a front entrance. Provides shade all summer long. It is deciduous and easy to trim.
Scientific Name: Platanus acerifolia
Full Sun – USDA Zone 9a:
LandonPlane Tree can grow up to 100ft. tall and about 30-40ft wide. Large green leaf with pale white bark.The bark flakes will fall off, exposing white, smooth bark underneath. Excellent shade and ornamental tree.
Scientific Name: Fouqueiria splendens
Full Sun – USDA zone 8 & 7a – 7b. The Ocotillo is more of a shrub no real shade but has beautiful bright orange spring blooms. Green foilage in summer and grey in winter about 8-10ft tall. Once established they can survive with desert rain only.
Scientific Name: PUNICA GRANATUM Full Sun – USDA zones: 6-9 Beautiful orange trumpet-like blooms in early spring. Good ornamental tree. This tree does produce large sweet fruit. It Grows about 25ft. tall and 15ft. wide. Deciduous in the southwest. Low water once established.
Scientific Name: Robinia x ambigua Full Sun – USDA zones 4 – 8 Idaho Locust tolerates summer heat and dryness as well as winter cold. This is a great tree if you want lots of filtered light. Perfect for planting small flowering shrubs. Beautiful fragrant pink flowers. Grows about 35ft. tall and 25ft. wide. Good shade and ornamental tree.
Full Sun – USDA zones 7-8 (roots are hardy to zone 6)
This tree grows to about 25 – 30ft. tall and wide. Beautiful pink all summer long blooms. Fast grower and very drought resistent.Another Southwest tree that lets lots of filtered light shine through.
Full Sun – USDA zones 7-8 (roots are hardy to zone 6) This tree looks great during the spring months. The hot mid summer heat will stress it out. A good tree to place in smaller spaces.
Needs occasional watering once established in the lower elevations of the southwest. Click photo for more information. Full Sun – USDA zones 7-8 (roots are hardy to zone 6)
More information about this tree: California Christmas Tree