Types of pecan trees in the Southwest.
Western Schley – This pecan tree will do best in the arid desert southwest. It is the most common pecan in the Southwest U.S. It is a self-pollinator and produces heavy fruit at an early age.
It likes arid climates and is also excellent for southern California deserts and higher altitudes.
To the bottom is a young Western Schley Pecan tree it can also double as a shade tree. It does well in the colder Texas Panhandle region. It usually ripens in late October and early November.
Types of pecan trees
Burkett – This pecan is a medium to large round soft shell nut. It is a rich, distinctive flavored kernel. It is a large tree and ripens in late September and through early November. Likes arid climates. Burkett Pecan is a good hardy pecan for the southwest. Large round thin shell and excellent taste. The root system is invasive but grows to about 30 ft. tall and wide. Plant tree at least 20ft. from dwelling and or cement.
Cheyenne – Is a medium soft shell with an excellent flavor. It produces fruit early in the season – Mid September. Can pollinate other pecan varieties. It like southern humid and arid climates including east and west regions. It is a semi self-fertile.
Mahan – A very large soft shell kernel. This pecan bears heavy at an early age and is also a good shade tree. It prefers arid warm winter climates. Ripens in Mid November.
Mohawk – Very large soft shell also a heavy bearer when young. It does very well in the Southwest and Southeast regions. It is a very attractive tree also excellent for the large backyard. Ripens in Late October, early November.
Hardy Pecan – The Hardy Pecan tree, Carya Illinoinensis, is a beautiful, majestic tree that grows to a height of 70 to 100 feet with a spread of 40 to 75 feet. It has low wide-spreading branches. The tree provides a bounty of sweet edible fruits and lots of summer shade after reaching maturity. Hardy Pecan trees have moderate water requirements and they have a moderate tolerance to salt and alkaline soils. This deciduous, hardy, shade tree is ideal for lawns because it does not shed its leaves until late fall and it is practically immune to the attack of insects. It begins to bear nuts in 12-15 years.
GROWING PECAN TREE TIPS
Remember pecan trees need ample chill hours to produce a good crop. A good rule of thumb is to count the number of hours between November 1st and February 15th that are between 32 f. and 45 f. These hours are cumulative and not continuous. In the Las Cruces, NM area we normally have over 1,000 chill hours. Harvest time is usually after the first good hard freeze in the southwest.
You should plant pecans about 2″ deeper than normal to allow for settling of the soil. Water every day for the first 2 weeks when planting any tree, and use a good root stimulator to stimulate root growth. If leaves start to turn yellowish, it is time to fertilize.
If your tree is not bearing fruit you probably need a fertilizer with ZINC. Dead twigs in tops of trees, small nuts, and yellowing of leaves are an indication of ZINC deficiency.
Check your local nursery for fruit/pecan tree fertilizer. Keep your pecan tree free of insects and diseases. Physically inspect your tree(s) on a weekly basis. Remove grass and weeds under the tree canopy. Always plant so the root is totally buried in the original soil line or landscape.
Pecan trees can also be used as an attractive shade tree. Learn more about shade trees right here. Shade Trees. Most varieties of pecans trees will do better with a pollinator.
Types of Pecan Trees
Author: Paul Guzman
Paul Guzman – General Manager of Guzman’s Greenhouse. Gardener, Husband, Father and Grandfather. Webmaster of Guzmansgreenhouse.com