Vegetable gardening tips from Guzman’s Garden Centers. Vegetable Gardening Tips for the Southwest vegetable gardening tips
What do seeds need in order for them to germinate? Air, moisture, good soil and the right temperatures. When the seeds assimilate or absorbs water and food surrounding the inside of the seed they will convert this from starch to sugar. This is when the embryo (seed shell) will start to grow.
Eventually it will burst out of its hard shell. You will now have a vegetable seedling . Your seeds will now began to take food and water from you or your watering system. This is also the time when you will need to do your best to increase the chances of growing these seeds into a vegetable, fruit, pepper for healthy edible food. Where and How to Plant Garden Vegetables
Vegetable gardening tips
Here are some tips on preparing your ground for a vegetable garden. It does not matter if you start with seeds or small plants the process is basically the same. Choose a good location.
Preferably a west location as this side will have plenty of sun. The Southwestern sun can be brutal during the mid summer months. It can burn the skin of most vegetables. You might want to provide your plants with some type of shade cloth during June, July, August and sometimes September.
Test your soil for Ph. Most gardening stores will have inexpensive soil testers…use them, they work. Readings less than 7.0 indicate acidy soil, while higher readings indicate high alkaline. The dry Southwest will usually have high alkaline soil. A soil acidified will help correct alkaline soils. Lime will help correct high acidic dirt.
Vegetables and Chili plants love the long southwestern sunshine which is ideal for productive and abundant crop. Again, be careful with the mid summer sun in the Southwest this means late June, July and August.
Rototill the land or at least dig up the soil with a shovel to loosen the dirt/soil. Be sure to test your soil before continuing.
Clear the spot or location of any large rocks, grass or weeds that may be in the area. Chili peppers and vegetables do NOT like cooler temperatures. Plant them when temperatures are consistently above 50 degrees fahrenheit during the night. For those who like hot chili plants , let them dry out slightly throughout the season before watering again. This will produce a hotter chili pod.
Consider growing vegetables and chile seeds that are suitable for your area. Call your local Nursery for information on what will grow well in your area. Many nurseries have vegetables and chile already planted as seedlings. These type of plants will do better for the novice gardener since they are already set to plant and grow! Going organic is a good way to grow natural chemical free vegetables.
Fertilizing and watering vegetable plants
Remember its YOUR garden decide if you want vegetable seeds or grown container plants? Water is essential to your vegetable garden. Use a good Drip System or water by hose on a daily basis especially in the desert southwest. About 1.5″ of water per week should do.
A good fertilizer will have the following nutrients: Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), and Potassium (K) are the three nutrients of concern to most gardeners. Calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) are also needed. A good fertilizer will have a 5-10-5 mixture.
Apply about 2 tablespoons per 50 sq ft. Organic vegetables are now the rage of many gardeners find out more here… Best Organic Products. What kind of soil do vegetables need?
A good combination of compost, potting mix and or topsoil works very well. You can always amend the soil with nutrients at a later date. Vegetables like acidic PH levels in the soil.
Weeds will suck up all the nutrients from the soil. So remember to pull out all weeds whenever possible. Do NOT over water or have standing water over a long period of time. Over watering is just as bad as little or no water! Blossom end rot is where the tomatoes will look brown or black usually at the bottom.
Blossom end rot
This is caused by a lack of calcium in your soil. Most nurseries will have calcium products for your tomatoes.
Try to buy tomatoes and chili that are resistant to “VFN”. What is “VFN”? : V=Verticillium F=Fusarium, and N=nematodes. These are fungi that causes plants to wilt. Once you get this fungus you will not be able to remove it. Here are some preventive measures to take.
Do not plant them too close together. Give them space to grow. Do not plant in too much shade…fungii spores thrive in cool shady conditions during the warmer months.
Keep vegetable plants away from other ornamental plants such as roses, large trees or evergreens. Do Not Over-water…too much water or standing water will produce root rot. It is almost impossible to over-water if you have good drainage.
Consider using containers for your vegetables – You can easily move them from sunny to partial shade positions. Leaf-hoppers will sometimes cary the tomato curly leaf virus – Spray an insecticide at the first sign of them. These vegetable gardening tips by:
Paul Guzman all rights reserved.
Find out more here… Organic Products.