Here is a list of Desert Evergreen Shrubs that do well in the Southwest. Some of these plants are not native but will survive the hottest part of the mid-summer seasons providing they are given lots of water.
Once established they do become tolerant of the mid-summer heat. Moderate waterings are ok. Use a good drip system except for the cactus, agave, and the creosote about 20-30 minutes every other day. They are good plants for native and or desert landscaping.
Agave or Mescal (spanish):
This plant is a beautiful succulent and primarily used for desert landscaping. Very little watering and care it likes gravelly soil and full sun. Several varieties including the Americana, Parrys agave plant, and Lechugilla.
Also called the century plant and will produce a tall flowering plume after several years. Grows well in southwestern New Mexico and west Texas.
Desert evergreen shrubs
Arborvitae or Thuja orientalis ‘Aurea Nana’
This Desert evergreen shrub, tree, or plant will grow in almost any type of soil is drought tolerant once it becomes established. The Arborvitae Thuja is lime green in color and produces small blue Berries. Can Use it as a hedge plant or tree. Will grow to 6 ft. tall and about 5 ft. wide. Plant several in a row for a nice big border. Yes, you can place it in Excellent a container. It does require regular watering for the first 3 years or so even more so during the hot summer months in the southwest.
Barberry or Berberis: Good hedge shrub with elliptical leaves and red berries moderate watering fast-growing. Produces small yellow flowers. Read more about this plant here. Japanese Barberry. Other varieties include Colorado and Japanese barberry. They grow about 3-5 ft. height and wide.
Japanese Boxwood or Buxus microphylla: Small-leaved evergreen shrub and used mostly as a hedge. Like shade or sun and slow-growing. Lime green foliage grows short about 3-4ft. Grows best in southern New Mexico and El Paso.
Prickly Pear or Opuntia: Also called the flat ear cactus. Likes full sun and produces edible. Beautiful flowers in the spring they bloom in red or yellow. Do not overwater this cactus and there is no need for a drip system. More information on the Prickly Pear Cactus here.
Fast-growing desert evergreen in southwest New Mexico. Plant away from heavy people traffic.
Nandina or nandina domestica: Very easy plant to grow, likes sun or shade. Moderate watering and grows slow. This plant will turn a reddish/orange color in winter and green most of the summer. It can grow up to 6ft tall with red berries. Very hardy shrub and can be planted along walls or with existing xeriscaping yards.
Photinia: or Photinia x fraseri. Very hardy broad-leaved shrub up to 15 ft tall about 10 ft. wide. Fast grower leaves are green but tips turn a beautiful reddish color. The Photinia can tolerate the intense southwest heat but needs additional watering during the summer months. More about the Photinia Shrub. Usually dark green foliage all summer. Use them as a hedge or border plant.
Moore Dense Juniper – Juniperus sabina ‘Monard’. A great low growing shrub can also be used as ground cover. Use it in a container or around rock desert gardens.
Bright green foliage and drought tolerant once established. More types of Juniper plants here.
Blue Point Juniper – Juniperus horizontalis – A great looking evergreen Juniper with silver-blue foliage all year long. Excellent as a stand-alone plant or use them in mass for a wondrous sea of silver and blue foliage. See photo and much more here. Blue Point Juniper at Monrovia.
Pyracantha: Tall desert evergreen shrub with white flowers in spring. Used for screens and as a border plant. Produces red or orange like berries. It will thrive with moderate watering. Numerous vine-like thorns. It can be used as an evergreen hedge or border screen. It does have sharp thorns on stems. There are several types of Pyracantha read about them on this page. Pyracantha Varieties.
Creosote or Larrea tridentata: Native New Mexican plant. Lower elevations of the desert southwest. Very hardy plant up to 10ft. height and wide. It likes full sun and will grow in almost any type of soil. Produces yellow like flowers during spring. Many folks consider this plant a large weed.
You will see this shrub all along the southwest Interstate roads. It is rare you will see this shrub in retail nurseries as they are hard to keep in containers.
India Hawthorne or Rhaphiolepis indica: Very exotic looking desert evergreen. An excellent choice for business landscapes or front/back yard homes. It can work in a Xeriscape landscape but needs additional watering during the summer months. Beautiful bright pink flowers in early spring. Can tolerate shade and full sun it’s a moderate grower and will grow up to 4ft tall and wide.
Pittosporum Shrubs: Evergreen shrub with small white flowers in spring. Used for screens and border plants. A nice orange fragrance when the flower is in full bloom thus its name. It is not really a desert type plant, however, with regular watering, it will look great especially if planted in partial shade. The dwarf specimen is about 3-4ft tall and the regular plant is about 10ft. tall. This plant is not really a desert shrub but will look great in a shady spot or underneath a large tree. I would not recommend this plant in a Xeriscape landscape. Also called Mock Orange because of its orange flowering fragrance during the spring months.
The Texas Mountain Laurel (Sophora secundiflora)
A good looking evergreen tree for the southwest. It produces bright purple flowers and grows about 20 ft. tall and 10 ft. wide. Great for rock landscapes and becomes drought tolerant after the 2nd year of initial planting. More about the Texas mountain laurel tree.
The Texas sage shrub (Leucophyllum frutescens) is an evergreen plant and will bloom in late summer. There many varieties that will thrive in the desert Southwest. You can learn much more about these low water shrubs at Texas Sage Bushes.
Paul Guzman – Husband, Father, Grandfather, Gardener, and Webmaster of GuzmansGreenhouse.com – Please share this post below.