Growing Hesperaloe Funifera

Hesperaloe Funifera, commonly known as the Red Yucca, is called the “Little Giant Yucca”.  It has a rich history deeply entrenched in the rugged terrains of North America.

This plant’s migration begins in the heart of the Chihuahuan Desert, sprawling across northeastern Mexico and extending its reach into southern Texas. It will do well in Southwest New Mexico and Arizona.

Hesperaloe Funifera

Hesperaloe funifera, also known as the giant yucca or Coahuilan hesperaloe, showcases a range of physical characteristics that make it a distinctive addition to any Yucca Landscape.

It is a slower-growing evergreen desert plant, good for Xeriscape design.   The leaves are long and narrow I call them fronds.  Candelabra flower stalks can soar up to 10-15 feet in height. An excellent plant for business or home properties as it is drought-tolerant and virtually maintenance-free.

You can see more pictures over at Mountain States Website.

How should I care for a Hesperaloe plant?

To properly care for a Hesperaloe Funifera, ensure it’s planted in almost any soil type and is exposed to full sunlight. It can withstand temperatures down to zero degrees Fahrenheit. The plant generally requires minimal supplemental watering, except during summer’s dry months. The Giant Hesperaloe variety can grow into a large clump, reaching up to 6 feet in both height and width when fully mature.

Is it a Perennial?

Yes, it is indeed a perennial plant, which means it will re-emerge every year. It is valued for its hardiness and capacity to withstand various climate conditions. With the appropriate care, this yucca will consistently grow and bloom with its distinctive flowers. Flower color varies from greenish-white to vibrant red, orange, yellow, and sometimes pink.

How to Plant this Yucca

For optimal results, choose a location that receives full sun and has well-drained soil. When planting nursery plants from an existing plant, space them at least 2-3 feet apart to accommodate their growth over time.  The Red Yucca plants are known for being low-maintenance and can spread relatively quickly as they mature.  Do NOT plant in caliche or hard soil.  From my experience, it is best to use cactus soil or mix when planting these plants,

Problems with Yucca Plants

Mealybugs and root rot are common problems.  Spraying with neem oil or insecticidal soaps will kill the Mealybugs off your Yucca plants.  Root rot is caused by too much water.  Many novice landscapers will add a water line to this plant but not necessary.

Fungal diseases will attack Yucca Plants especially in areas where is lots of rainfall.  Brown spots on leaves are an indication of a fungal disease.  A good application of Fungus spray with copper should revive the plant.

USDA Zones 6-11

More information about Yuccas for Landscaping.

Yuccas for Landscaping
The Soap Tree Yucca
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