New Mexico Southwest Trees

New Mexico Southwest Trees. These trees will do well in the lower elevations of New Mexico. They require moderate to little watering. Click on the New Mexico tree photo for a larger image. These Photos were taken in and around the southern part of New Mexico mostly around Las Cruces.

Need to know your USDA plant hardiness zone? Click Here and scroll down to the bottom.

If you have any questions about the southwest plants below please contact us here
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New Mexico Southwest Trees Scientific Name: Cupressus sempervirens
Full or partial shade – USDA Zone: 6 – 10 Italian Cypress can grow up to 60-80ft in the southwest and only 3-4ft wide. Excellent tree for a dense border screen.  Very drought tolerant once established. Year-round Evergreen tree. Almost no maintenance.

New Mexico Southwest Trees Scientific Name: Fraxinus velutina ‘Modesto’
They Love Full Sun – USDA Zone 8 – 9 Can grow up to 40ft tall and 30ft wide. An excellent shade tree and moderate grower. Does very well in the southwest, moderate watering check for parasite growth (Mistletoe) deciduous.  All varieties of Ash trees will do well in the southwest. Fall cleanup moderate. Looking for the Raywood Ash tree?

Raywood Ash FallThe fall color of a  Raywood Ash Tree.


Bald CypressBald Cypress Scientific Name: Taxodium distichum – Full Sun – USDA – Zone: 7 – 10
The Bald Cypress needs moderate to regular watering, even after establishing. Average height 70ft, 30ft wide, will drop leaves about late October in the southwest. Deciduous easy fall cleanup.


New Mexico Southwest Trees

Witchita Blue JuniperWichita Blue Juniper – Scientific Name: Juniperus scopulorum
Full Sun – USDA – Zones: 5 thru 7.  More of an ornamental tree. This tree can be used as a border plan. Drought Tolerant Easy Care tree.  Extremely Hardy Tolerates Poor Soils, Deer Resistant. Excellent for close wall bordering. About 15-20 ft high 8 ft wide. Almost zero maintenance.

euclayptus tree southwestEuclayptus Tree Scientific Name: Eucalyptus melliodora
Full Sun – USDA Zones: 4-10
A good choice New Mexico evergreen tree, withstanding dry areas and wind. Drought tolerant once established good ornamental tree. This tree is low maintenance. About 40’ft tall and just as wide.

New Mexico TreesChinese Pistache Tree Scientific Name: Pistacia chinensis
Loves Full Sun – USDA Zones: 4-10
This Las Cruces tree is a desirable ornamental with attractive, umbrella-like crown. Lustrous green leaves turn a brilliant orange crimson in fall. Very drought-tolerant, deciduous and extremely handsome tree. About 30-40 ft. tall and wide. Does well in the desert heat.

mexican-fan-palmScientific Name: Washingtonia robusta
Can take Full USDA Zone 7-10.  Also known as the Mexican fan palm. Can grow to about 100ft tall. Fronds must be cut back from winter frost damage in the southwest. Low water once established. Always plant in full sun.

California fan palmScientific Name: Washingtonia filifera
Full Sun – USDA Zone 7-10
Grows up to 50-60ft tall. Hardier than the Mexican palm in the southwest.  Fronds need trimming in spring after frost damage. Low water once established plant it in full sun.  Care of Palm Trees.  Peter A. Hogg Photo
mediterranean-palm Scientific Name: Chamaerops humilis
Full Sun – USDA Zone 7-10
Grows up to 10-15ft tall. Very hardy palm tree. Does alot better than the California and Mexican Palm tree in the southwest. More information at: Mediterranean Palm Tree

Magnolia tree las crucesMagnolia Tree
Scientific Name: Magnolia grandiflora ‘Monlia’
Full Sun – USDA zone 8b – 10.

The general public will argue about these trees doing well in the Desert southwest.  They will thrive here providing they have ample water and normal gardening care.

Grows up to 60ft tall and about 40-50ft wide. An Evergreen tree that will shed leaves in spring. Slow grower, needs regular watering in the southwest. Fun sun to partial shade. Loves the Las Cruces area. 

New Mexico Southwest Trees.

Pinon Pine Tree

The Pinon Tree also spelled Pinyon. The two-needle piñon (Pinus edulis)  Is a very drought tolerant tree and Native to New Mexico. It is a pine tree that retains its pine needles year round.

Read what Wikipedia says about Pinon Trees – Interesting facts about this tree.

The name comes from the Spanish Pino piñonero, a name used for both the American varieties and the Stone Pine common in Spain, which also produces edible piñon nuts typical of Mediterranean cuisine. Harvesting techniques of the prehistoric Indians are still being used to today to collect the pinyon seeds for personal use or for commercialization. The pinyon nut or seed is high in fats and calories.

New Mexico Southwest Trees

The Mesquite Tree – Is it a shrub or is it a Tree? Find out right here.  The Mesquite Tree. 

New Mexico southwest trees
Chilean Mesquite Tree – Photo courtesy of

The Chilean Mesquite is it really thornless? Find out more right here. Chilean Mesquite. 


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