Last Updated on
Small Desert Plants for the southwest. These small cactus plants are great for a small Xeriscape landscape design. Most will require little water and will tolerate full hot sun…perfect for those small hot places that are bare.
Desert plants are susceptible to mealybugs and other insects. Owners tend to neglect them because they are low water and rarely need fertilizer. Here are a few tips to help you ensure nice healthy desert plants.
- Ask the salesman what type of care they need before purchasing them.
- Observe your cactus plants regularly. At least twice per month.
- Use cactus juice instead of regular fertilizers.
- Make sure your container drains well.
- Check for Mealybugs and Scale Insects at least once per month.
- Here is a pic of what mealybugs and scale insects look like.
The Queen Victoria Cactus (Agave victoriae-reginae) Nice small desert cactus for a small yard. It will produce a bloom once it is well established usually in its tenth year or so. It forms a tall spike densely packed with reddish purple flowers. Use as a standalone specimen or plant it in a nice small decorative pot. You can also use it in a rock garden and or a small succulent garden. It will grow to about one foot tall and a foot and half in width. Very drought tolerant once established.
The Dwarf Agave (Agave desmettiana) A good drought tolerant Agave with curled up leaves that gives it that special look. Is another desert plant that blooms about its tenth year of growth. It is an evergreen plant. Use it in a small pot and place one on each side of your front doorway entrance. It is a slow grower but will eventually grow to about 3ft. tall and wide.
The Christmas Cactus will get long and leggy…growth is about 2-3 ft. wide and 2 ft. tall. They come in pink, white, fuschia pink and bright red. It’s best to re-pot each year after it stops blooming, normally in late spring. Re-pot into a larger container as this will help them bloom and thrive. It likes temperatures right about 70°. Christmas Cactus is normally an indoor decoration plant.
How to make Christmas Cactus Bloom
Here is one quick trick to making your Christmas Cactus bloom. Use a bloom booster at half the recommended ratio. First, water you plant then apply your bloom booster. There are lots of bloom boosters on the market however in my humble opinion Grow-More’s BR61 works best!
Desert landscape ideas for backyards
Spiral Aloe (Aloe polyphylla) Is a succulent and will grow about 1 ft. tall and 2 ft. wide. It does not have a bloom or spikey plume. It is grown and used mainly for its colorful foliage. This plant is best used as an indoor house plant. It can be placed outdoors but like most succulents, it will have a hard time with freezing temps and the hot scorching sun.
Small Desert Plants
Ferocactus Latispinus variety of barrel cactus that blooms at an early age. Drought tolerant and is in the Cactus Barrel family. It produces a red and or a yellow flower during mid to late spring. They will grow to about 1 ft. tall and 2 ft. wide. It is a slow grower and is low water cactus. It can tolerate cold weather…down to -4°.
Blue Glow Agave is a niche looking blue-green leaves with yellow and red margins form its fronds. Each frond or leaf has a sharp red-tipped spine…almost needle-like tip. It will grow to about 1 1/2 ft. tall and about 2 ft. wide. Blooms a showy yellow flower in about its tenth year of growth. It does great in a rock garden or xeriscape landscape but it does like more water than other drought-tolerant plants. Especially during the hot mid-summer months. If possible place it in afternoon shade to protect it from the hot scorching Southwest sun.
The Golden Cactus Barrel (Echinocactus grusonii). The Golden Barrel cactus loves the full hot sun…even in areas where temps go over 115° during the summer months. It produces a showy yellow flower after its 3-4 year of growth. It will grow about 4-5 ft. tall and 2-3 ft. wide. Perfect for a small cactus backyard or inside a rock garden.
This is what Wikipedia says about the this cactus plant; Echinocereus is a genus of ribbed, usually small to medium-sized cylindrical cacti, comprising about 70 species native to the southern United States and Mexico in very sunny rocky places. Usually the flowers are large and the fruit edible.
Deep Green fronds with a yellow-green stripe running up the center. Attractive blooms will show up in June or July. They are normally a dark green color. They will grow about 2 ft. tall and 3ft. wide. Plant this beautiful agave in a container and place in the front yard for an attractive low maintenance desert scene. More Xeriscaping Ideas.
Do you have questions or comments about small desert cactus? Let us know by commenting below.
Paul Guzman – Husband, Father, Grandfather, Gardener, and Webmaster of GuzmansGreenhouse.com