One question gardeners in and around the Southwest ask are “How to increase flowering in plants” during the hot summer season? It is a big task when the temperatures can reach 110° Fahrenheit in the lower elevations of the Southwest.
The southwest soil is poor and lacks the nitrogen and other elements needed for plants to grow and thrive. Rainfall is also less frequent but there are some things you can do to help your plants flower and thrive. Here are some tips to help make your flowers bloom longer and often.
There are many factors involved in trying to keep flowers on roses, bougainvilleas, crape myrtles, native and non-native plants.
The number one tip is to water often (except cactus). is essential to water often during the hot summer months. Yea, I know there are water restrictions in most Southwest cities. One way to please city codes and your plants is to install a drip system!
Once installed it is relatively easy to set the time more often in summer and less during cooler months. Set your timer to water in the early hours of the morning. Check your drippers are they placed next to the root system? Are they working properly? Pull them out and turn on your timer to manual then check each dripper…one by one.
Make sure all your potted and in-ground plants drain well. Use mulch or bark and place around your plants to help keep moisture in.
15-20 minutes every other day on established plants and trees will work.
Water newly planted plants, trees, and shrubs daily during the months of June, July and August. The exceptions are Cactus, Agave, and succulents.
Too much water can also deplete the nutrients in the soil and the one ingredient needed for flower development is phosphorous.
How much? Many gardening experts recommend at least once in spring, summer, and fall. But in the southwest, it should be done once per month starting in early spring and ending in late October.
For even better results fertilize twice per month! It is important to note that it’s best to water first then fertilizer your plants…always.
A good fertilizer analysis is a 20-20-20 mix. Grow More’s all-purpose fertilizer will work wonders so will Miracle-Gro.
What is phosphorous?
It is a naturally occurring element in the soil. On a bag of fertilizer, it is the second number and referred to by the symbol “P”.
Plants need phosphate to stimulate healthy root development for flowering and to help in the prevention of disease and stress. The phosphate process combines phosphate rock with sulfur and produces a phosphoric solution. Phosphate helps in root stimulation and flowering of plants.
There is also Nitrogen and Potash. You can read more about these elements here. What is Fertilizer?
Most local nurseries will carry phosphate products including our stores Color Your World and Guzman’s Greenhouse in Las Cruces, NM.
It is commonly called bloom booster. There are many phosphate products online or at your local nursery and one of the best to use is Carl Pool’s BR61. The analysis is 9-58-8. You can also purchase straight up phosphorus, and super phosphorus.
Go organic and use Bone Meal
Yes, bone meal works great as an organic flowering fertilizer. It comes from dried up animal bones. It is what the name suggests crushed upped bones from animals specifically cows. You can use it for trees, flowering plants and helps your root system grow and flourish. It is a slow-release organic fertilizer. The analysis of bone meal is normally 0-15-0.
Dead-Head expired blooms
Pruning expired blooms will help generate new blooms on almost all plants. Geraniums and roses respond well to deadheading. Crape Myrtles and the Vitex tree produce pods once the bloom expires. Prune them and they will regenerate new growth and blooms in about 2-3 weeks after pruning.
I know it is a lot of work but well worth it when you see your flowers blooming again!
Crape Myrtles and Vitex trees also love to have their expired blooms pruned off. Do this several times during the spring and summer season for long-lasting blooms. (Click Image for Larger Photo)
You can also hire an expert to help you do the pruning. Click here for best landscapers in your area.
Plants that bloom all summer long
There are many plants that will bloom all summer long throughout the Southwest. Here is a list of these plants.
- Lantanas – Flowers all summer long no deadheading.
- Russian Sage – Blooms from early summer mid-fall.
- Yellow Yarrow – All summer long, trim off faded blooms.
- Wave Petunias – Water daily for blooms all summer. No deadheading.
- Flowering Vinca – Water daily for blooms all summer long. No need to prune expired blooms.
- Catmint – Keep moist for nice looking blue flowers.
- Bougainvillea – Prune stems occasionally for long-lasting flowers throughout summer.
- Milkweed – Attracts butterflies. Blooms late spring until late-August
Paul Guzman – Husband, Father, Grandfather, Gardener, and Webmaster of GuzmansGreenhouse.com